How Does Garlic Grow? Here's the Complete Explanation

Garlic (Allium sativum) is a plant that originates from Central Asia. Garlic has many uses in the culinary and medicinal fields. Garlic is used as a kitchen seasoning in various dishes, both fresh and dried. Garlic is also used in traditional medicine to treat various diseases, such as infections, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol.

Garlic contains various essential nutrients such as vitamin C, vitamin B6, manganese, selenium, and fiber. In addition, garlic also contains sulfur compounds that function as antioxidants and have anti-inflammatory effects.

Although it has many benefits, excessive consumption of garlic can cause several side effects such as digestive disorders, bad breath, and allergic reactions in some people who are sensitive to garlic.

Garlic grows from bulbs consisting of several small cloves. Here is a complete explanation of how garlic grows:

1. Suitable soil and climate
Garlic grows well in loose, sandy or sandy loam soil, with a pH between 6.0 to 7.5. The soil must have good drainage to avoid excessive water accumulation. The suitable climate for garlic is subtropical or temperate climate with temperatures between 12 to 24 degrees Celsius.

2. Garlic seedling
Garlic seedling is carried out to obtain healthy and high-quality seedlings. The selected garlic bulbs are cut into several pieces, with each piece containing 1 or 2 cloves. The bulb pieces are planted in a seedling medium such as sand or rice husks. After the seedlings grow, they can be transferred to the main planting area.

3. Garlic varieties
There are various varieties of garlic that differ in size, shape, color, and use. Some common garlic varieties grown are California Early, Rosewood, Purple Glazer, Red Janice, and German Red.

4. Planting garlic
Garlic is planted from seeds or from already grown bulbs. To plant from bulbs, the selected small cloves must be healthy and free of damage. The cloves are planted with the pointed end facing upwards, at a depth of 3 to 5 cm in the soil. The planting distance between bulbs is around 10 to 15 cm.

5. Garlic care
After planting, garlic needs care such as watering, fertilizing, and pest and disease control. Garlic needs regular watering but should not be too much to prevent the soil from becoming too wet. Fertilization is carried out by giving organic or synthetic fertilizers every 2 weeks.

In conclusion, that is the complete explanation of how garlic grows. By knowing the steps and how to care for garlic properly, it is hoped that it can help you in planting and harvesting healthy and high-quality garlic.